Microclimates are often neglected in ecology and evolution, despite mounting evidence that microclimates matter for ecosystem dynamics and processes, such as the response of organisms to climate change.
Remote sensing approaches to measure the 3D structure and thermal composition of terrestrial ecosystems significantly advance microclimate modeling and mapping. This provides novel opportunities for fundamental and applied microclimate ecology, forestry, and agriculture.
Increased efforts to use remote sensing to upscale in situ microclimatic measurements will further our mechanistic understanding of how topography and vegetation structure determine microclimate.
Detailed spatial and temporal microclimate data derived from remote sensing may lead to more realistic predictions of microclimate and the associated biotic responses to global change. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0169534718303045